Brazil is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It generated around 62 million tonnes of solid waste in 2011, an increase of 1.8% from the previous year. Valpak found this a good opportunity to undertake a study in Brazil to assess the implications of the new national waste management legislation to producers of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) and packaging.
The first ever national waste management legislation: Politica Nacional de Residuos Solidos n.12305 (PNRS) came into force in Brazil at the end of 2010, following 20 years of discussion. The fundamental objective of the PNRS is to prioritise a national integrated waste management system under a shared responsibility principle, setting reverse logistics as the key instrument to achieve that aim. Also, states and municipalities are obliged to develop their own waste management plans.
Rather than just focussing on recycling, the PNRS goes further, aiming for a circular economy. Defined as an instrument for social and economic development, reverse logistics focus on incentivising the return of waste materials to the manufacturing industry as secondary raw materials. When not feasible, waste must be disposed of appropriately. It sets obligations for specific industry sectors including waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and waste packaging.
We have written an article summarising the key findings of the study in relation to WEEE. Soon we will publish another article on the implications of the PNRS to both packaging and EEE producers, emphasising the Brazilian circular economy and social approach.
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